This incubation chart was compiled by Debbie Milligan / Dallas Zoo. If you would like to add new species to the list, or add information to existing species, please e-mail material to Martin Vince / Riverbanks Zoo. E-mailing large amounts of information in the form of an Excel spreadsheet would be very helpful.

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

STRUTHIONIFORMES

Ostrich

42-50 days

5-11

varied w/ region

4-5 months

3-4 years

CASUARIIFORMES

Southern Cassowary

50 days

3-5

Oct-Jan

9 months

2-3 years

Emu

48-56 days

5-15

Dec-Jan

Oct-Jan

2 years

TINAMIFORMES

Elegant Crested Tinamou

20-21 days

5-9

Jun-Nov

PELICANIFORMES

Great White Pelican

29-36 days

1-3

all year

65-75 days

3-4 years

Pink-backed Pelican

30 days

1-3

all year

84 days

3-4 years

Brown Pelican

28-30 days

2-3

all year

63 days

2-5 years

Great Cormorant

27-31 days

2-6

all year

Apr-Jun

50 days

3-5 years

African Snake Darter

27-31 days

2-6

all year

7 weeks

2 years

CICONIIFORMES

Goliath Heron

24-30 days

2-5

Nov-Feb

all year

42-81 days

Snowy Egret

18 days

1-6

Jan-Jul

30 days

Cattle Egret

22-26 days

1-9

Apr-Jul

30 days

Yellow Crowned Night Heron

21-25 days

2-8

Jul

Mar-Jun

25 days

Boat-billed Heron

23-28 days

2-4

Mar-Aug

Jun-Oct

Hamerkop

28-32 days

3-6

all year

all year

44-50 days

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

Wood Stork

28-32 days

2-5

Nov-Aug

60-65 days

4-5 years

Abdim's Stork

30-33 days

2-5

Apr-Aug

May-Nov

50-60 days

2 years

Saddlebill

30-35 days

1-5

Sept-Feb

Jul-Jan

70-100 days

3 years

Marabou

29-31 days

1-4

Jul-Jan

95-115 days

4 years

Sacred Ibis

28-29 days

2-5

Sept-Apr

35-40 days

Scarlet Ibis

21-23 days

1-3

Jun

Apr-Aug

35-42 days

Puna Ibis

21-26 days

1-2

Apr-Jul

African Spoonbill

25-29 days

2-4

Sept-Oct

Jul-Sept

35-46 days

Roseate Spoonbill

22 days

1-5

Feb-Jul

Nov-Jun

6 weeks

3 years

PHOENICOPTERIFORMES

Greater Flamingo

27-31 days

1-2

Jan-May

Feb-Jun

67-90 days

4-6 years

Chilean Flamingo

27-31 days

1

Nov-Mar

70-80 days

Lesser Flamingo

28 days

1-2

Jun-Dec

65-90 days

3-4 years

ANSERIFORMES

S. Crested Screamer

43-46 days

2-7

Feb-Aug

Sept-Feb

Fulvous Whistling-duck

24-26 days

6-16

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

63 days

1 year

White-faced Whistling-duck

25-28 days

4-13

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

8 weeks

Red-billed Whistling-duck

25-31 days

12-16

May-June

Apr-Oct

53-63 days

1 year

West Indian Whistling-duck

25-30 days

6-12

Apr-Oct

Black-necked Swan

35-38 days

4-8

Dec-Apr

Jul-Feb

100 days

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

Bar-headed Goose

27-30 days

2-8

Feb-Mar

May-Oct

53 days

Hawaiian Goose (Nene)

29 days

3-5

Dec-Mar

Oct-Mar

10-12 weeks

2-3 years

Red-breasted Goose

23-25 days

3-7

Jun

Jun-Oct

3-4 years

Abyssinian Blue-winged Goose

30-34 days

4-12

Feb-Sept

Mar-Oct

85-100 days

2 years

Ruddy-headed Goose

30 days

5-8

Sept-Mar

Egyptian Goose

28-30 days

5-12

all year

Jul-Feb

60-75 days

2 years

Ruddy Shelduck

28-30 days

6-12

Feb-Aug

Mar-Aug

55 days

2 years

Cape Shelduck

28-30 days

1-15

Feb-Aug

Jun-Dec

10 weeks

Paradise Shelduck

28-33 days

5-15

Feb-Aug

Aug-Mar

7-10 weeks

Common Shelduck

28-31 days

3-12

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

45-50 days

F=2yrs,M=4-5yrs

Radjah Shelduck

28-30 days

6-12

Feb-Aug

Nov-May

Comb Duck

28-30 days

6-20

Feb-Aug

Dec-Jun

10 weeks

S. American Comb Duck

28-30 days

6-20

Dec-Jun

10 weeks

Hartlaub's Duck

30-32 days

7-11

Feb-Sept

Dec-Jun

8 weeks

1 year

African Pygmy-goose

22-26 days

6-12

Dec-Jun

Ringed Teal

26-28 days

6-12

Mar,Jul-Nov

Jul-Feb

American Wood Duck

30 days

9-15

Feb-Aug

Feb-Jun

60 days

1 year

Mandarin Duck

28-30 days

9-12

Feb-Aug

Apr-Aug

40-45 days

1 year

Maned Duck

28 days

8-11

Aug-Mar

57 days

Baikal Teal

24-25 days

6-9

May-Oct

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

White-cheeked Pintail (Bahama)

25 days

5-12

Jul-Aug

Cape Teal

24-26 days

6-11

Jan-Oct

Mar-Oct

8 weeks

Yellow-billed Duck

26-29 days

4-12

Dec-Jun

68 days

Cinnamon Teal

21-25 days

9-12

Apr-Aug

7 weeks

Northern Shoveler

22-23 days

6-14

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

40-45 days

1 year

Red-crested Pochard

26-28 days

6-14

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

45-50 days

1-2 years

F. White-eyed Pochard

25-27 days

6-14

Feb-Aug

Apr-May

55-60 days

1 year

ANSERIFORMES

Bufflehead

29-31 days

5-12

Apr-May

50-55 days

2 years

Common Goldeneye

29-30 days

5-13

Apr-May

57-66 days

2 years

Hooded Merganser

29-37 days

6-18

Mar-Apr

Mar-Oct

71 days

2 years

Ruddy Duck

24-26 days

5-15

Feb-Aug

Apr-Oct

50-55 days

1-2 years

FALCONIFORMES

King Vulture

53-58 days

1

Feb

3 months

Andean Condor

59 days

1

Jan-May

Feb-Jun

6 months

Bald Eagle

35 days

1-3

Feb

Oct-Apr

70-92 days

4-5 years

Egyptian Vulture

42 days

1-2

Jan-May

70-85 days

4-5 years

Hooded Vulture

48-54 days

1

Oct-Feb

Oct-Mar

89-130 days

2 years

Ruppell's Griffon

55 days

1

Jun-Dec

150 days

Cinerous Vulture

50-62 days

1-2

Feb-Apr

95-110 days

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

Lappet-faced Vulture

54-56 days

1-2

Nov-Feb

Oct-Feb

125-135 days

Bateleur

52-59 days

1

Oct

Dec-Apr

93-194 days

Harpy Eagle

56 days

1-3

Jun-Nov

6 months

Ornate Hawk-eagle

48 days

1

all year

Jan-Aug

66-93 days

GALLIFORMES

Blue-breasted Button-quail

16-18 days

4-9

all year

4 weeks

3 months

Crested Wood-partridge

18-19 days

5-6

Apr

Dec-Jul

18-19 days

Palawan Peacock-pheasant

18-20 days

2

Great Argus

24-25 days

2

Mar-Jul

Crested Guineafowl

23 days

4-14

all year

Nov-Mar

30 days

Vulturine Guineafowl

23-25 days

13-15

Dec-Jun

GRUIFORMES

Grey Crowned Crane

28-31 days

1-4

Jul-Sept

Oct-Apr

56-100 days

3 years

Demoiselle Crane

27-29 days

2

Apr-Jun

55-65 days

2 years

Wattled Crane

33-36 days

1-2

Apr-Oct

90-130 days

3-4 years

Guam Rail

19 days

3-4

Jul-Nov

16 weeks

Sunbittern

28-30 days

1

Mar-Nov

Mar-May

22-30 days

2 years

Red-legged Seriema

24-30 days

1-3

Apr-Sept

Feb-Jul

1 month

Kori Bustard

21-25 days

1-2

Feb-Aug

Sept-Feb

Buff-crested Bustard

21-25 days

1-2

all year

Mar-Jun

3 months

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

CHARADRIIFORMES

Double-striped Thick-knee

27-29 days

1-2

Dec-Apr

Crowned Plover

28-32 days

2-4

Feb-Apr

Dec-Apr

30 days

Laughing Gull

24-28 days

2-6

Apr-Jun

35-42 days

COLUMBIFORMES

Speckled Pigeon

14-18 days

1-3

all year

all year

20-25 days

Mauritius Pink Pigeon

13-15 days

1-2

Dec-Jun

18-22 days

Namaqua Dove

13-16 days

1-3

all year

16 days

Nicobar Pigeon

28 days

1 (2 at Lincoln Pk)

Jun-Mar

30 days

Victoria Crowned Pigeon

28-32 days

1

Feb-Oct

4 weeks

African Fruit Pigeon

13-14 days

1-2

Feb-Oct

all year

11-13 days

Jambu Fruit Dove

10-17 days

1

Nov

Nov-Feb

Wompoo Fruit Dove

18-21 days

1

all year

Jun-Nov

13-14+ days

Beautiful Fruit Dove

18-19 days

1

all year

Jun-Aug

Black-naped Fruit Dove

18-26 days

1

all year

Feb-Sept

8-14 days

PSITTACIFORMES

Palm Cockatoo

33 days

1

Jul-Mar

78-81 days

Goffin's Cockatoo

28 days

1-2

10 weeks

Rainbow Lorikeet

25 days

1-3

Feb-Aug

7-8 weeks

Eclectus Parrot

26 days

1-2

all year

all year

12 weeks

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

Rose-ringed Parakeet

23-28 days

3-6

Feb-Aug

Dec-May

7 weeks

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot

18-20 days

1-3

Apr-Jul

Jan-Aug

5 weeks

Fischer's Lovebird

23 days

3-8

all year

Jan-Jul

38 days

African Gray Parrot

21-30 days

2-4

all year

80 days

Hyacinth Macaw

27-30 days

2-3

Jul-Dec

105-110 days

Blue and Yellow Macaw

1-3

Dec-Jun

Blue-throated Macaw

26-28 days

1-3

Oct-Mar

90-94 days

Scarlet Macaw

24-28 days

1-4

Oct-Apr

14 weeks

Green-winged Macaw

1-3

Nov-Apr

Thick-billed Parrot

24-28 days

1-4

May-Aug

Yellow-naped Amazon

25-26 days

2-3

Dec-May

Sun Conure

4 weeks

1-4

Dec-Feb

8 weeks

CUCULIFORMES

Schalow's Turaco

18-23 days

1-2

Jul-Mar

4 weeks

Red-crested Turaco

18-23 days

2-3

4 weeks

Violaceous Plantain-eater

24-26 days

1-2

Mar-Oct

Apr-Oct

4 weeks

STRIGIFORMES

Spectacled Owl

34-37 days

1-2

Sept-Oct

Burrowing Owl

21-28 days

6-11

Jan-Mar

28 days

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

COLIIFORMES

Speckled Mousebird

11 days

2-9

Mar-Sept

3 weeks

CORACIIFORMES

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill

40 days

1-2

Aug-Nov

77-80 days

Jackson's Hornbill

30-33 days

1-2

Nov-Jul

47-50 days

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill

37-41 days

1-2

Aug-Dec

all year

80-90 days

Rufous Hornbill

2-4

Mar-May

Rhinoceros Hornbill

37-46 days

2-3

mid-late April

Jan-Jun

78-80 days

3+ years

Red-knobbed Hornbill

32-35 days

2-3 mid-late April

Writhe-billed Hornbill

29 days 2-3 mid-late April 61-62 days 2-4 years ??

Wrinkled Hornbill

29 days 2-3 mid-May 65-73 days 3-4 years ??

Great Hornbill

38-40 days

1-3

Jan-Apr

72-96 days

Grey-headed Kingfisher

17-27 days

1-10

all year

Micronesian Kingfisher

17-27 days

2-3

Dec-Aug

Blue-crowned Motmot

18-19 days

1-3

Jan-Jun

Carmine Bee-eater

3-5

Feb-Jun

30 days

Green Wood-hoopoe

3-5

May-Oct

PICIFORMES

Red and Yellow Barbet

12-19 days

2-4

Chestnut-mandibled Toucan

18 days

2-4

April - Sept

Mar-July

6-7 weeks

2-3 years

Toco Toucan

18 days

2-4

April - Sept

6-7 weeks

2-3 years

Keel-billed Toucan

18 days

2-4 April - Sept

6-7 weeks

2-3 years

Green Aracari

16 days

2-4

April - Sept

4-5 weeks

1-2 years

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

PASSERIFORMES

Long-tailed Broadbill

17 days

5-6

Lesser Green Broadbill

17 days

2

Golden-fronted Leafbird

13-14 days

2-3

Red-tailed Laughing Thrush

13-14 days

2-5

Shama Thrush

13-14 days

4-5

13-14 days

Fairy Bluebird

13-15 days

1-2

12 days

Black-headed Gonolek

14-16 days

1-3

Silver-eared Mesia

14 days

1-4

Red-billed Leiothrix

14 days

1-4

14 days

Collared Sunbird

13-15 days

2-3

14 days

Golden-breasted Bunting

1-3

Sept

Java Sparrow

13-14 days

3-8

26-28 days

Red-crested Cardinal

14 days

3-5

14-17 days

Turquoise Tanager

12-14 days

1-4

Feb-Oct

M=3yrs

Silver-beaked Tanager

12-14 days

1-3

Jan-May

12 days

European Goldfinch

13-14 days

5-6

14-17 days

Species

Incubation Period

Clutch

Zoo Season

Normal Season

Fledge

Sexual maturity

Star Finch

12-13 days

3-7

Mar-Aug

18-21 days

Firefinch sp.

12-13 days

3-5

Nov-Jun

15-21 days

Melba Finch

12-13 days

3-6

all year

21 days

Yellow-fronted Canary

13-14 days

1-4

16-18 days

Red Sisken

12 days

3-5

varied w/ region

13-15 days

Red-headed Finch

12 days

3-8

Sept

20 days

Orange-breasted Avadavit

11-12 days

3-9

18-21 days

S. Gold-breasted Waxbill

11-14 days

3-7

all year

20-21 days

Orange-cheeked Waxbill

11-14 days

3-7

varied w/ region

20-21 days

Heck's Long-tailed Finch

11-13 days

3-8

all year

Jan-May

18-21+ days

Blue-capped Cordon-bleu

11 days

3-6

Jul-Dec

Jan-Jun

18 days

White-headed Buffalo Weaver

May-Sept

Red Bishop

May-Sept

Paradise Whydah

May-Sept

Golden-breasted Starling

11-18 days

2-6

Mar-Aug

18-25 days

Bali Mynah

13 days

1-3

all year

Superb Starling

11-13 days

2-6

all year

18-25 days

Malaysian Crested Jay

16-21 days

1-3

Oct

Green Jay

1-4

Apr-Aug

Yellow-rumped Cacique

1-3

Oct-Feb

Saffron Finch

13-14 days

1-4

Jan-Sept

14-15 days

Blue Dacnis

13-14 days

2-4

Dec-Jul

13 days

Violaceous Euphonia

15 days

3-5

all year

21 days

Purple Honeycreeper

12-13 days

1-2

Oct-Jun